Podiatric biomechanics is the use of the mechanics in the body to assess, diagnose and treat lower limb musculoskeletal (MSK) problems and conditions. It covers a multitude of areas in clinical practice such as sports injuries, arthritic conditions, the diabetic foot and in children (Podopeadiatrics). Podiatrists help prevent, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate the foot and associated structures.
Children can exhibit foot and lower leg conditions such as heel pain (Sever’s disease) and knee pain (Osgood Schlatter’s disease). There are times where parents require advice on observed traits in their child such as toe walking, and would simply like the opinion of a Podiatrist. The Podiatrist at the Vale clinic can give advice and treat these conditions where indicated.
Gait Analysis is an aspect of the biomechanical assessment used to evaluate the static foot, and the foot in motion.
Common MSK conditions in the lower limb the Podiatrist assesses and treats at Vale clinic
Ball of the foot pain also known as metatarsalgia, is where pain is experienced across the ball of the foot.
An inflamed nerve in the ball of the foot, usually between the second and third metatarsals (bones) in the foot.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It is defined as the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs from the heel bone into the toes connecting the front and rear of your foot.
Bunions are painful swelling on the joint of the big toe, on the side of the foot.
Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, commonly found in athletes.
Inflammation in the front and or inside section of the large leg bone, the tibia.
An interference of the growth plates at the back of the heel bone, causing inflammation and pain especially during or after a sporting activity, common in children between ages 8-14 years.
An interference of the growth plates at the tibial tuberosity causing pain below the knee, causing inflammation and pain especially during or after a sporting activity, common in children between ages 8-14 years.
Pain experienced in the front of the knee or around the kneecap causing pain and stiffness making it difficult to climb stairs, kneel down or carry out other daily activities. It can sometimes be referred to as runner’s knee or jumper’s knee as it is commonly seen in young female athletes.
An assessment will enable the Podiatrist to evaluate the presenting complaints through a means of reliable tests, and come to a diagnosis from the information gained.
An individualised treatment plan will be set. Treatment can be a combination of interventions dependent on the outcome of your assessment. Treatment may include provision of orthotics, stretching exercises, joint mobilisation and or taping.
Below are some interventions that the Podiatrist may recommend to you.
Orthotics or insoles are corrective medical shoe inserts that are bespoke or customised for the individual. These are tailored to support and improve foot function, with the aim to reduce or eradicate symptoms experienced in the foot and associated structures.
Stretching exercises may be given to you as part of your treatment plan. The Podiatrist may instruct you on exercises which will further aid your recovery or condition. Stretching allows you to improve the elasticity in a muscle, increasing flexibility, control and your range of motion.
Joint mobilisation is graded movement of a joint/s, using the careful movements to improve motion and joint function. The Podiatrist may offer this as part of your treatment, where indicated.
Taping offers support and stability to muscles and joints, rehabilitating them, or simply to give more support to an area whilst performing an activity without limiting the range of motion in the muscle or joint. Taping can be used in conditions such as plantar fasciitis and knee pain.
There are occasions where further investigations are required such as a scan to aid diagnosis, or the input of another allied health professional, for example a Physiotherapist. The Podiatrist will make a timely referral to the appropriate professional where required.
For biomechanical assessments and gait analysis:
To find out if you will benefit from a Podiatric biomechanical assessment, contact the clinic and speak to Ronke the Podiatrist on 07988 916 198